Maths

Maths Year 1

Mathematics overview: Stage 1 

Unit

Mastery indicators

Essential knowledge

Numbers and the number system

  • Read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and in words
  • Count to and across 100, forwards and backwards from any given number
  • Count from zero in multiples of 2, 5 and 10
  • Add and subtract a two-digit number and a one-digit number up to 20
  • Solve one-step multiplication and division problems by using concrete objects and pictorial representations
  • Write addition and subtraction statements using the symbols ‘+’, ‘–‘ and ‘=’
  • Recognise and name the fractions 1/2 and 1/4
  • Tell the time to the hour, and half past the hour, using an analogue clock
  • Sequence events in chronological order
  • Use the comparative vocabulary of length, mass, capacity and time
  • Recognise and name rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles
  • Recognise and name cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres
  • Describe position and movement

 

 

  • Know the symbols =, +, –
  • Know doubles and halves up to 10
  • Know number bonds to 10
  • Know the value of different denominations of coins and notes
  • Know the days of the week
  • Know the meaning of ‘weeks’, ‘months’ and ‘years’ 

 

 

Visualising and constructing

Calculating: addition and subtraction I

Exploring time

Calculating: addition and subtraction II

Measuring space

Exploring fractions

Mathematical movement

Exploring money

Calculating: multiplication and division

Numbers and the number system: Going deeper

Calculating: addition and subtraction I: Going deeper

Calculating: addition and subtraction II: Going deeper

Maths Year 2

Mathematics overview: Stage 2 

Unit

Mastery indicators

Essential knowledge

Numbers and the number system

  • Read and write numbers up to 100 in numerals and in words
  • Compare and order whole numbers up to 100
  • Count from zero in multiples of 2, 3 and 5
  • Count in tens from any number, forwards and backwards
  • Add and subtract numbers including a two-digit number and ones, a two-digit number and tens, two two-digit numbers, and three one-digit numbers
  • Derive addition and subtraction facts to 100 using known facts to 20
  • Write multiplication and division statements using correct symbols
  • Understand that addition and multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction and division cannot
  • Recognise and name the fractions 1/3, 1/4, 2/4, 3/4
  • Tell the time to the nearest five minutes using an analogue clock, including ‘quarter past’ and ‘quarter to’.
  • Use a ruler to measure lengths in millimetres and centimetres
  • Identify and describe 2D and 3D shapes
  • Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement
  • Know the place value headings of ones and tens
  • Know that zero is a placeholder
  • Know the symbols =, <, >, ×, ÷
  • Know the meaning of odd and even numbers
  • Know doubles and halves up to 20
  • Know addition and subtraction facts to 20
  • Know multiplication facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables
  • Know division facts related to the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables
  • Know that 60 minutes = 1 hour
  • Know that 24 hours = 1 day
  • Know the symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p)
  • Know the standard units for length (m, cm), mass (kg, g), temperature (°C) and capacity (litres/ml) 
  • Know the names and number of sides of 2D shapes
  • Known the meaning of ‘edges’, ‘faces’ and ‘vertices’
  • Know the names and number of faces of 3D shapes
 

Counting and comparing

Investigating properties of shapes

Calculating: addition and subtraction

Exploring time

Calculating: multiplication and division

Exploring fractions

Mathematical movement

Measuring space

Exploring money

Presentation of data

Maths Year 3

Mathematics overview: Stage 3 

Unit

Mastery indicators

Essential knowledge

Numbers and the number system                                  

 

 

  • Know the place value headings of tenths, ones, tens and hundreds
  • Know multiplication facts for the 3, 4 and 8 multiplication tables
  • Know division facts related to the 3, 4 and 8 multiplication tables
  • Know that a right angle is ¼ of a turn
  • Know the number of days in each month
  • Know the number days in a year and a leap year
  • Know that 60 seconds = 1 minute
  • Know the Roman numerals from I to XII
  • Know the vocabulary of time including o’clock, a.m., p.m., morning afternoon, noon and midnight
  • Know the meaning of ‘perimeter’

Counting and comparing

Visualising and constructing

Calculating: addition and subtraction

Calculating: multiplication and division

Exploring time

Exploring fractions

Measuring space

Investigating angles

Calculating fractions and decimals

Exploring money

Presentation of data

Maths Year 4

Mathematics overview: Stage 4 

Unit

Mastery indicators

Essential knowledge

Numbers and the number system

 

 

  • Know the place value headings of ones, tens, hundreds and thousands
  • Know the Roman numerals I, V, X, L, C
  • Know multiplication facts up to 12 × 12
  • Know division facts related to tables up to 12 × 12
  • Know decimals equivalents of 1/2, 1/4, 3/4
  • Know adjacent time facts involving years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes and seconds
  • Know 12- and 24-hour clock conversions
  • Know the names and connected properties of triangles and quadrilaterals
  • Know the definitions of acute and obtuse angles
  • Know that area is measured in squares
  • Know that perimeter is a measure of length

Counting and comparing

Investigating properties of shapes

Calculating: addition and subtraction

Calculating: multiplication and division

Exploring time and money

Exploring fractions, decimals and percentages

Measuring space

Investigating angles

Calculating fractions, decimals and percentages

Calculating space

Checking, approximating and estimating

Mathematical movement

Presentation of data

Maths Year 5

Mathematics overview: Stage 5 

Unit

Mastery indicators

Essential knowledge

Numbers and the number system

 

 

Counting and comparing

Calculating: addition and subtraction

Visualising and constructing

Calculating: multiplication and division

Investigating properties of shapes

Pattern sniffing

Exploring time

Exploring fractions, decimals and percentages

Measuring space

Investigating angles

Calculating fractions, decimals and percentages

Calculating space

Checking, approximating and estimating

Mathematical movement

Presentation of data

Maths Year 6

Mathematics overview: Stage 6

 

Unit

Mastery indicators

Essential knowledge

Numbers and the number system

 

 

Calculating

Visualising and constructing

Calculating: division

Investigating properties of shapes

Exploring fractions, decimals and percentages

Algebraic proficiency: using formulae

Proportional reasoning

Pattern sniffing

Measuring space

Investigating angles

Calculating fractions, decimals and percentages

Solving equations and inequalities

Calculating space

Checking, approximating and estimating

Mathematical movement

Presentation of data

Measuring data